Skip to content Skip to sidebar Skip to footer

Unraveling the Mystery of High Blood Sugar: What Triggers Hyperglycemia?

High sugar levels in the blood, also known as hyperglycemia, is a common issue for people with diabetes. Let’s look at the factors that can cause high blood sugar levels in 350 words:

  1. Food and Exercise:
    • Carbs from foods like bread, rice, and pasta turn into sugar molecules during digestion. Glucose, a main source of energy, enters the bloodstream after meals.
    • Insulin, made by the pancreas, helps glucose get into cells. Without enough insulin, glucose stays in the bloodstream, causing hyperglycemia.
    • Exercise impacts blood sugar levels. Regular physical activity improves insulin sensitivity, while a sedentary lifestyle can increase glucose.
  2. Medication and Insulin:
    • Missing doses of diabetes medication or not taking enough insulin can lead to hyperglycemia.
    • Not enough insulin results in less glucose being taken up by cells, leading to high blood sugar.
    • Wrong timing of insulin use can disrupt blood sugar management.
  3. Stress and Sickness:
    • Stress hormones, like cortisol, increase blood sugar levels. Emotional or physical stress triggers this reaction.
    • During sickness, the body releases stress hormones, causing temporary hyperglycemia.
    • Infections, colds, and other health problems can affect blood sugar control.
  4. Food Choices:
    • Eating too many sugary or starchy foods can cause quick spikes in blood sugar.
    • Eating snacks between meals without considering the carb content may lead to higher levels.
  5. Dehydration:
    • Not drinking enough fluids affects blood sugar concentration. Dehydrated cells respond less to insulin.
    • Staying hydrated helps maintain good blood sugar control.
  6. Ketoacidosis:
    • If hyperglycemia continues, ketones (harmful acids) build up in the blood and urine, leading to a condition called ketoacidosis.
    • Symptoms include fruity-smelling breath, dry mouth, stomach pain, nausea, and confusion.
  7. Spotting Symptoms:
    • Hyperglycemia symptoms appear slowly. Early signs include:
      • Going to the bathroom often
      • Feeling thirsty
      • Blurry vision
      • Feeling tired
    • Later signs, if not treated, involve ketoacidosis and loss of consciousness.
  8. Getting Medical Help:
    • If blood sugar levels stay above 240 mg/dL (13.3 mmol/L) and you find ketones in your urine, get medical help right away.
    • Constant hyperglycemia can lead to problems with the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart.

Remember, controlling blood sugar well is key for overall health and managing diabetes.

EPR Retail News